[I've written essays in semesters past that I've been meaning to post here. This is the longest of them. For ease of reading, I've removed the in-text citations and inserted the references as hyperlinks. In addition, I've made some (mostly minor) revisions in language in a few places. Otherwise, what you're about to read is what my professor graded me on.]
The election of a president in which the popular vote is at odds with the Electoral College is a rare event in American history. Given that the data from the last 40 elections indicates no consistent advantage in "swing states" for either party in the Electoral College, I see no compelling reason to believe that it should begin happening more often.